Francis Bacon (born 1909) an Irish born English painter best known for his emotionally charged imagery and experimentation. After traveling to Germany and France as a young man, he settled in London and began a career as a self-taught artist.
Most of his paintings from the 1940s to '60s depict the human figure in scenes that suggest alienation, violence and suffering. Having had to cope with asthma and sinus problems all his life, Francis Bacon was heavily inspired by medical books depicting diseases of the mouth.
Bacon's provocative, expressive work is considered some of the most important art of the postwar era. While on holiday, he died in Madrid, Spain, on April 28, 1992, at the age of 82. His work is owned by major museums around the world, and he has been the subject of several retrospective exhibitions.